Current situation and trend prediction of the hott

2022-08-08
  • Detail

Global industry 4.0 and robot development status and trend prediction

in 2011, Germany initially proposed the concept of industry 4.0, which was officially launched at the Hannover Industrial Expo in 2013. Its purpose is to improve the level of German manufacturing industry through the application of new technologies such as IOT, establish intelligent factories with adaptability, resource efficiency and ergonomics, and integrate customers and business partners in business processes and value processes. At present, countries are actively promoting the development plan of new manufacturing industry, and the pace of industry 4.0 is gradually approaching

I. overview of industry 4.0

1. The concept of industry 4.0

German industry 4.0: the deep interweaving of network, computer technology, information technology, software and automation technology produces a new value model. In the manufacturing field, this kind of "virtual network physical system (CPS)" in which resources, information, goods and people are interrelated

the essence of industry 4.0 is data, including product data, operation data, industrial chain data, external data, etc. The core of industry 4.0 is industrial intelligence. Related industries include: intelligent machine tools, industrial automation, industrial interconnection, high-end robots, RFID, sensors, 3D printing

2, the theme of industry 4.0

the four themes of industry 4.0 are intelligent factory, intelligent production, intelligent logistics and intelligent service. Intelligent factory focuses on intelligent production system and process, as well as the realization of networked distributed production facilities; Intelligent production mainly involves the production logistics management of the whole enterprise, human-computer interaction and the application of 3D technology in industrial production process. The plan will pay special attention to attracting the participation of small and medium-sized enterprises, and strive to make small and medium-sized enterprises become users and beneficiaries of the new generation of intelligent production technology, as well as creators and suppliers of advanced industrial production technology; Intelligent logistics integrates logistics resources mainly through interconnection, IOT and logistics, and gives full play to the efficiency of existing logistics resource suppliers, while the demander can quickly obtain service matching and logistics support; Intelligent service is a cross platform and diversified (2) vernier caliper integrated service that applies various information technologies and takes customer needs as the purpose

II. Analysis of the development of international industry 4.0

1. The development status of global industry 4.0

(1) Germany

at the 2013 Hannover Industrial Expo, the concept and plan of "industry 4.0" were officially released by the German government, depicting the future vision of the manufacturing industry. At present, the "industry 4.0" plan has received an investment of 200million euros from the "German high technology 2020 strategic action plan", and launched several projects including the "information physical production system" (CPPS). In addition, the "information and communication technology (ICT) 2020 - innovative research" plan established by the German Ministry of education and Research (BMDF) and the "intelligent services - network-based business services" launched by the economic and social promotion group of the German Union for scientific research (Fu) (the former communication promotion group) are also carried out under the framework of the "German high technology 2020 strategy" and are closely related to "industry 4.0", of which the former belongs to the "digital Germany 2015" ICT strategy, The latter has become one of the top ten "future plans", and the final version of the strategic recommendations report was put forward in March 2015

(2) the "industrial interconnection" proposed by the United States aims to connect people, data and intelligent devices to exchange data to drive the intelligent transformation of manufacturing industry. Compared with Germany, the "new industrial strategy" actively promoted by the United States pays more attention to "soft" aspects, such as the Reindustrialization of traditional industries such as big data, software and Internet. In the United States, industry 4.0 is to connect virtual networks with entities, reshape the manufacturing industry through big data analysis, and form a more efficient production system. The scope of industrial interconnection in the United States is broader. It attempts to connect people, data and machines to form an open and global industrial network. At present, more than 80 ICT and Internet giant companies in the United States, such as GE, IBM, Cisco and others, have established IIC (Industrial interconnection alliance) to break technical barriers and realize manufacturing innovation through big data. With its leading edge in industry 3.0 and the influence of advanced Internet and ICT giants, the United States is promoting the development of global industry 4.0

(3) in the face of Germany taking the lead in opening the door to the future new industrial revolution of "intelligent manufacturing", the Abe government also began to take action to formulate and plan the development direction of Japan's "industry 4.0". The 2015 edition of the white paper on Japanese manufacturing industry is a key measure for Japan to strive to win the "percentage representation of the leading standard distance in the global industrial value chain". In politics, the Japanese Ministry of economy, trade and industry has listed 3D printers as a priority policy support object, invested 4.5 billion yen, and implemented a large-scale research and development project entitled "product manufacturing revolution with 3D modeling technology as the core"; In the industry, major Japanese enterprises in the electronics, information, machinery and automotive industries, such as Mitsubishi Electric, Fujitsu, Nissan and Panasonic, have formed an alliance called "dominance of the industrial value chain" to jointly discuss the technical standardization of factory interconnection and strive to make it an international standard

2. Global industry 4.0 strategic plan

the United States has encountered industrial hollowing out since the 2008 financial crisis. In view of the unbalanced structure in which the service industry accounts for 70% of its GDP and the manufacturing industry only accounts for 12%, the United States proposed the "advanced manufacturing Partnership Program" to revitalize "made in the United States"; The output value of Japan's manufacturing industry accounts for 20% of GDP. Japan has begun to attach great importance to high-end manufacturing with high scientific and technological added value at the national level; Germany leads the world with lean manufacturing and proposes "industry 4.0" in an attempt to lead a new round of industrial revolution and consolidate its competitive position; China's economic growth has slowed down, and the economic restructuring stands at the crossroads of the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry. In the future, the manufacturing industry will return to the strategic focus of various countries and become an important engine for the stable growth of the global economy

III. analysis of the development of China's industry 4.0

1. Analysis of the policy environment of China's industry 4.0

made in China 2025 is the action program for the first decade of the Chinese government's implementation of the manufacturing power strategy. It was released in May 2015 and is the development program and top-level design of China's industry in the next 10 years

made in China 2025 puts forward the strategic goal of achieving a manufacturing power through "three steps": the first step is to become a manufacturing power by 2025; Second, by 2035, China's manufacturing industry as a whole will reach the middle level of the world's manufacturing power camp; The third step is to consolidate the status of a major manufacturing country and enter the forefront of the world's manufacturing powers in terms of comprehensive strength by the time the people's Republic of China is founded 100 years ago. Focusing on the strategic goal of building a strong manufacturing country, made in China 2025 defines nine strategic tasks and priorities: first, improve the innovation capacity of the national manufacturing industry; Second, promote the deep integration of informatization and industrialization; Third, strengthen the basic industrial capacity; Fourth, strengthen the construction of quality brand; Fifth, comprehensively implement green manufacturing; Sixth, vigorously promote breakthroughs in key areas, focusing on the new generation of information technology industry, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, aerospace equipment, marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships, advanced rail transit equipment, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, power equipment, agricultural machinery equipment, new materials, biomedicine and high-performance medical devices; Seventh, further promote the structural adjustment of manufacturing industry; Eighth, actively develop service-oriented manufacturing and producer services; Ninth, improve the international development level of manufacturing industry

made in China 2025 is similar to German industry 4.0, which is a programmatic document for the layout of industrial interconnection. However, there are appropriate differences between the two. German industry 4.0 is a measure aimed at the new round of scientific and technological revolution, mainly focusing on the high-end industries and high-end links of manufacturing. Made in China 2025 is not a plan specially formulated to deal with the new round of scientific and technological revolution, but an overall plan for the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry

2. Analysis of the current situation and development of made in China

in 2016, China was the most competitive manufacturing country in the world. China's current manufacturing industry is very large, surpassing the United States as early as 2010 and becoming the world's first. According to the statistics of the United Nations, among the more than 500 products, 220 products of China are the largest in the world. From the perspective of technological innovation in manufacturing, China has made rapid progress in recent years. However, China's economic growth rate was 6.9% in 2015, and the economic slowdown is likely to continue further. The decline in demand has led to a continuous decline in industrial activity, which in turn has led to overcapacity in factories. At present, the capacity utilization rate of China's automobile industry has decreased from 100% in 2009 to 70%, and the proportion of manufacturing industry in GDP is also decreasing year by year, most of which have turned to the service industry. Obviously, the task of transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry is very heavy, and the main problem is still structural: insufficient effective demand highlights the problem of overcapacity; Effective supply cannot fully meet the needs of consumption structure upgrading, so we should improve the adaptability and flexibility of the supply side to consumption structure upgrading

China should comply with the development trend of "interconnection +" and take the deep integration of informatization and industrialization as the main line, and focus on the development of a new generation of information technology, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, aerospace equipment, marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships, advanced rail equipment, six groups of sample detection power universal sockets, sample power supplies independent of equipment power, and other transportation equipment, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, power equipment, new materials Biomedicine, high-performance medical devices, and agricultural machinery and equipment. These areas need to invest a lot of innovative R & D funds, and need the full cooperation of military enterprises, large state-owned enterprises, universities and scientific research institutions. At the same time, China's small and medium-sized enterprises are the most potential component of China's manufacturing industry, accounting for 99% of all enterprises and creating 60% of China's GDP. The R & D creation of Chinese small and medium-sized enterprises far exceeds that of large enterprises. 65% of China's patents, 75% of invention patents and 80% of new products come from small and medium-sized enterprises. The future of made in China depends not only on large enterprises, but also on the innovation and vitality of small and medium-sized enterprises

3. Analysis of the industrial chain of industry 4.0 in China

from the upstream of the industrial chain of industry 4.0, the four basic conditions that modern intelligent factories highly rely on -- sensors (data acquisition), large capacity storage (data storage), big data computing capacity (data processing) and industrial Ethernet (data communication), as well as execution units - intelligent robots, are the key elements of the implementation of industry 4.0; The midstream of the industrial chain includes industry solution providers and smart factory solution designers that combine software and hardware. Since there are no mature smart factory solutions in most industries in China, it is a great challenge to build a low-carbon life and a green society in China. Entrants often have strong first mover advantages and form high entry barriers in segmented industries; From the downstream of the industrial chain, industries and manufacturers that accept the transformation of industry 4.0 will significantly save labor costs, improve production efficiency, improve customer experience, and enhance the competitive advantage of manufacturers

4. Analysis of the development advantages of China's industry 4.0

China's industrial system has obvious advantages in expanding industry 4.0, which are mainly reflected in the following three aspects:

(1) medium and high-end human resources advantages. Intelligent production will enable people to play a more challenging role, such as innovating, planning, supervising and coordinating the operation of machines. The sharp rise in the demand for knowledge workers will become a sustainable support for industrial intelligence, and China is a "rich mine" of such medium - and high-end human resources. According to statistics, at the beginning of 2015, China's total scientific and technological human resources was about 81.14 million, still maintaining the world's scientific and technological talents

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI